Proofreading vs Revising

Most students often use the words proofreading and revision in manners that suggest that they interchange. The truth is that these are two different processes that apply different techniques in their execution. Modification entails the overall organization of a text, the audience, and the focus. Proofreading, on the other hand, tends to deal with the errors that appear across the surface.

Revision entails the following:

  • Reading and understanding for the greater good and picture while trying to visualize the written material as the readers will see or feel it.
  • Acknowledging the organization of your paper, or if it lacks altogether. In the process, you must check if you have a logical way of presenting your information. Do you hop from one idea on to the next one, or do you tailor the ideas such that they bear a natural flow in between them? How is your use of subheadings?
  • You are making your introduction crisp and sharp, together with the thesis statement. Your text is crystal right from your introduction what your reader will base its argument on it. Is your body following the intro and the problem statement?
  • Additional examples and further details; Ask yourself if you have all together and concisely explained the main points in your paper. You also have to ensure that the standards and reasons you provide are adequate to the end and that they are in support of your thesis.
  • You are doing away with useless detail. You must make sure you double-check the text for anything that might veer the reader off the text or elements that may potentially result in total confusion in your paper. Check to see whether you have made repetition on points in the article that may lead to question marks on your understanding. As you do this, you should keep in mind that it is a practical move to restate a critical point.

Proofreading deals with:

  • Slow reading. Avoid rushing through proofreading. It will make you jump over mistakes. It is the last step of editing; therefore, you need to get extra careful when avoiding leaving out silly errors that may cost you points. If you give enough time for the process of proofreading, you will uncover a lot of mistakes that a quick readership cannot get.
  • You are rewriting unclear and awkward sentences and phrases. Proofreading allows you to make necessary changes whenever they get needed. You may have written ambiguous words and penalties during the writing process, and that may make the text seem vague or confusing. Therefore, when you get down to proofread your document, do not hesitate to correct even the most minute mistakes.
  • You are correcting mechanical, grammatical, and punctuation mistakes. Proofreading helps in making the right of wrong errors on the above issues. You will identify the mistakes through slow reading and have made them right as you go through the paper. The grammatical errors can easily take away from you; therefore, you need to make sure you are apt when making the changes.
  • You are correcting mistakes in spelling. Most students are always in a hurry to finish up their papers and hand them in for marking. When you are in a hasty mood, you can easily make spelling mistakes that can cost you many marks. Proofreading will go a long way to make sure that does not happen to you.
  • Formatting the cover sheets, citations, references, and footnotes correctly. When you take your time to go through your work while proofreading slowly, you will scrutinize your paper and uncover the errors that might arise in the latter areas. You can then edit the mistakes out and add any additional information that you might have possibly omitted.

Remember that you should revise after completing your first draft of the paper. The process should come before proofreading so that you get to polish it later.